What is Tax?
Tax is a mandatory payment imposed on individuals or business entities by the government. It is also called the indirect tax.
The ultimate goal of taxation is to raise revenue for governing, welfare and development expenditures. The United States Federal Tax Act defines taxes as “obligations of the present that are due to the past”.
Taxes can be broadly classified into two categories, direct and indirect taxes.
Income Taxation in Mozambique
The Income Tax is a direct tax imposed on the income of individuals, corporations and other legal entities.
The Constitution of the Republic of Mozambique defines who shall pay taxes in Mozambique. According to Article 252 of the Constitution, taxes are imposed on income from any source available to a person or entity, with some exceptions.
In general, the Income Tax is calculated based on the income derived from activities that produce profits and from certain types of property owned by taxpayers.
Taxes in Mozambique are regulated by three laws: Law no. 5/2005 on personal Income Tax; Law no. 12/2008 on goods and services tax; and Law no. 10/2007 on capital gains tax for non-residents
Capital Gains Tax in Mozambique
The Mozambique Tax Code is the law governing the taxation of capital gains.
The tax rates for the different types of capital gains are as follows:
Capital gains from movable assets: 15% plus a 7% solidarity surcharge, except for capital gains from shares and insurance policies which are subject to 10% plus a 3% solidarity surcharge.
Capital gains from immovable property: 25%.
The Basic Facts About Taxes In Mozambique
Mozambicans are still considered to be among the poorest people in the world. This is attributed to the country’s dependence on agriculture for revenue generation. This has also led to a high reliance on imports, which has increased over time.
A Comprehensive Guide to Taxation in Mozambique
This article discusses the taxation system in Mozambique and how it affects the business owners and individuals based on their income levels.
Individuals need to pay tax at different rates depending on their salary. Among them, those earning up to $3,000 per year are taxed at 10% while those earning more than $10,000 per year are taxed at 55%.
Self-employed individuals (i.e., those who work as freelancers or own a company) will be taxed at 10%.
Corporations that have profits of more than $2 million will be taxed at 35%. Those with profits less than this amount will be taxed at 20%.